Kiel Smyth Carrigan
What is the difference between cows and cattle? Cattle is plural and generally refers to the bovine species as a whole. The term isn’t gender specific, so cattle could refer to a bunch of bulls (males), a bunch of cows (females), or a mixture of both.
Dairy animals are more angular in shape than beef animals. Dairy cows are bred and fed to produce milk, not meat. The udders (the bag between the cows’ rear legs where milk is stored – the mammary system) of dairy cows are often larger and may hang lower than the udders on beef cows
A young male is called a bull calf; a young female before she has calved the second time is called a heifer (pronounced “heffer”). A young female that has had only one calf is sometimes called a “first-calf heifer.” … An adult female over two years of age (approximately) is called a cow.